Last week we made a Lego Catapult and my boys started making catapults out of everything in sight. Today we are making a Tinker Toy catapult! This Tinker Toy catapult was pretty simple construction and soon marbles were zinging across the house. To save the inside of my house…Let’s go outside!

Tinker Toy Catapult Experiment

Tinker Toy Catapult Science Experiment

Since the Tinker Toy catapult had already been designed and built by my team of child engineers, I thought it would be fun to run a series of experiments about the performance of the catapult which would get them in a competitive situation using measurement and design skills.

Related: More catapults for kids to make

The boys loved the idea of trying to solve what catapult design might be best and we set out together to design this simple experiment. If you wanted to make this a more formal experiment, grab our scientific method worksheet for kids.

Supplies Needed to Repeat Our Catapult Experiment

  • Basic Tinker Toy Set
  • 2 Rubber bands
  • Chalk
  • Marble, stone or something to fling

Tinker Toy Catapult Design Experiment

Ryan(10) had mentioned that he had changed the angle of the arm and thought that it might work better in a different position. I latched on to that question and decided we should do a scientific experiment to determine what angle worked the best to launch a marble down our driveway.

Tinker Toy Catapult design angles - three shown with numbers 1, 2, & 3 with child adjusting catapult
The Angles of the Catapult Design

The round tinker toy piece that rotated around the rod that held the arm to the base had four holes in it.   One of the holes was occupied by the lower part of the arm that was attached to the rubber bands.   That left three different possible positions for the upper arm – each created a different angle:

  • Position 1:   The hole closest to the lower arm = 90 degree angle
  • Position 2:   The hole opposite the lower arm = flat arm
  • Position 3:   The hole underneath = 270 degrees

1. Make an Educated Guess

Ryan had thought that position 1 might launch the marble farther than position 2 and so we tried it out.

We drew a line of chalk so we could position the Tinker Toy Catapult in the same place for each trial.   We recorded distance for each position with a different color chalk so we could later go and measure the longest shot. Before each launch, I asked the boys to guess what would happen. They were excited to see if what they predicted came true.

Tinker Toy Catapult measuring distance - boys using a tape measure on the driveway to see how far a projectile from catapult traveled
How Far would Each Item Fly?

2. Repeat the Experiment

Ryan launched a marble from each position 3 times while his brothers took turns marking the distance and fetching the wayward marble. After the 9 trials, the boys measured the longest distance from each with a tape measure.

There was much discussion whether they should record the distance in inches, centimeters or feet and inches. They decided to do feet and inches and then collaborated on each measurement to make sure they had it correct.

Tinker Toy Catapult results written in a chalk table we made on driveway
Here are the Catapult Experiment Results

3. Record the Results

The measurements were then recorded in a chalk table I started for them on the driveway.   Reid(8) was in charge of writing down the measurements for each longest launch. It was good practice for him to think about how feet and inches would be noted.   He got a few extra lines here and there, but had the right idea! Our catapult experiment results were:

  • Turns out position 2 easily won the contest with a longest flight of 32 feet.
  • Position 1 came in second with a trial of 13 feet 8 inches.
  • Position 3 was a total bust and actually launched the marble backwards twice.

Evaluating the Catapult Experiment

This experiment was something very simple to construct, but think about the skills involved for the boys to participate:

  • Designing
  • Building
  • Re-designing with hopes to improve design
  • Creating a hypothesis
  • Following through on instructions
  • Repeating trials
  • Working as a team
  • Measuring
  • Recording

It just goes to show that encouraging critical thinking in kids doesn’t require elaborate plans!

More STEM Fun from Kids Activities Blog

How did your catapult experiment turn out?



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